Period 3 study guide

Social hierarchies were shaped by class and caste.

ap world history period 4 notes

Networks in the Americas expanded and flourished Mayans, Aztecs, Incas. Spread of Islamic scientific knowledge, Greco-Islamic medicine 3. This outline reflects the most recent revisions to the course.

The movement of people greatly altered our world. Neo-Confucianism: As trade expanded into China, Buddhism was introduced. Centralized empires like the Byzantine Empire, the Arab Caliphates, and the Tang and Song dynasties built on the successful models of the past, while decentralized areas Western Europe and Japan developed political organization that more effectively dealt with their unique issues. Enlightenment ideas inspired American thinkers and promoted social mobility. Trade in the Post-Classical Era New technology expanded trade. George Washington and John Adams created political precedents. Diffusion of art, literature, culture, and science. Colonial rivalry between Britain and France intensified. Christianity and the Church served as the centralizing force in Western Europe, and throughout East Asia, the spread of Confucianism and Buddhism solidified a cultural identity. The Northwest Ordinance was developed to admit new states. Cities declined and thrived with productivity and trade. Colonial leaders called for representation to reflect Enlightenment ideas. Remember that the AP World History exam tests you on the depth of your knowledge, not just your ability to recall facts.

Popular movements for independence were energized by activists. Intensification of existing trade routes. Invasions, disease, and decline of agriculture led to decline of cities after classical era.

New transportations increased trade including caravanserai, compass, astrolabe, larger ships. National identity was reflected in works of art, literature, and architecture. Political parties formed as leaders differed in their positions of issues. The political structures of many areas adapted and changed to the new conditions of the world. While we have provided brief definitions here, you will need to know these terms in even more depth for the AP World History exam, including how terms connect to broader historical themes and understandings. Religions such as Islam, Christianity, and Buddhism preached the equality of all believers in the eyes of God. Power was given to legislative branches and voting rights were limited. Trading organizations facilitated trade Hanseatic League and states sponsored infrastructure that increased trade Grand Canal. Native tribes fluctuated in alliances with Europeans and other tribes. Spread of Islamic scientific knowledge, Greco-Islamic medicine 3. Spread of crops and disease along trade routes bananas in Africa, rice in East Asia. Key Topics—Period 3: to C. Enlightenment ideas inspired American thinkers and promoted social mobility. The Patriots beat the British because of strong leadership, ideological commitment, and assistance by European allies. Intensification of existing trade routes.

Migrations transmitted technology and crops Bantu, Polynesian. Americans mobilized finances and materials for the Patriot movement.

The issue of slavery was at the forefront of constitutional compromises. More people moved westward, which fueled social, political, and ethnic tensions.

apwh period 3

Trade through the Silk Road, the Indian Ocean, the Trans-Saharan routes, and the Mediterranean Sea led to the spread of ideas, religions, and technology. The Patriots beat the British because of strong leadership, ideological commitment, and assistance by European allies. Treaties with Native Americans were often violated.

Existing trade routes in Afro-Eurasia flourished and expanded, led to new cities. Byzantine, Sui, Tang, Song. Colonial leaders called for representation to reflect Enlightenment ideas. Christianity and the Church served as the centralizing force in Western Europe, and throughout East Asia, the spread of Confucianism and Buddhism solidified a cultural identity. Trade through the Silk Road, the Indian Ocean, the Trans-Saharan routes, and the Mediterranean Sea led to the spread of ideas, religions, and technology. The Northwest Ordinance was developed to admit new states. The Patriots beat the British because of strong leadership, ideological commitment, and assistance by European allies. Migrations transmitted technology and crops Bantu, Polynesian. Neo-Confucianism: As trade expanded into China, Buddhism was introduced. Diplomatic initiatives sought to protect settlers from the British and Spanish. Diffusion of art, literature, culture, and science. Diffusion and emergence of new languages Bantu, Turkic, Arabic. British officials attempted to prevent colonists from moving westward.

Spread of crops and disease along trade routes bananas in Africa, rice in East Asia.

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Period 3 Review ( CE CE)